The working paper series are intended to mirror the advancement of activities and projects of the Department of Economics, University of Ilorin, Nigeria.
Commercial motorcyclists often violate road traffic regulations where
they operate. The traffic offences they commit include, but are not limited
to carrying more than one passenger per trip, which is above the
passenger capacity of a motorcycle as provided by law. The objective of
this study is to examine the determinants of passenger capacity
compliance among commercial motorcyclists in Kwara State, Nigeria.
This study studied 1,178 randomly selected motorcyclists across the
rural-urban divide of Kwara State. Logistic regression models were used
as the tool for data analysis. Statistics showed that 62.19 percent of the
motorcyclists operate on full-time basis while the rest operate on parttime
basis. About 68 percent of the motorcyclists operate without a valid
driver’s license. It was found that only 25 percent of the motorcyclists
comply with the regulation of carrying one passenger per trip.. The rate
of compliance with the passenger capacity regulation stood at 38.3
percent for the urban areas while that of rural areas was estimated at
13.8 percent. The regression results revealed that license holding,
operation mode, age, location, education, and earnings are factors that
determine compliance with the passenger capacity regulation among
commercial motorcyclists in Kwara State. The study recommends that
traffic law enforcement agents should educate commercial motorcyclists
on road safety issues and also enforce compliance.
Africa is generally the poorest region in the World. The major concern in the literature is to provide explanation to two apparent questions: why is Africa poorer than other regions; and why are some countries in Africa doing relatively better while some fail to make progress? Rule of law is among the many factors that have identified as responsible for success or failure of nations. This paper therefore, attempts to examine the relative importance of rule of law among five other important factors. Case study analysis was used to identify factors that are associated with economic success and failure in Africa. Pearson pair wise correlation analysis was also employed to confirm the findings of the case study analysis. The findings show that rule of law and human capital are the most important factors explaining successful economic performance in Africa and to a lesser extent democracy as well as access to the sea. Therefore, governments in Africa should invest more in education, uphold rules of law and imbibe true democratic culture.
The paper estimates panel regression models of supply elasticity of crime in Nigeria. The results of the classical pooled, weighted least squared and between group models are consistent, and revealed that higher unemployment and population lead to more crimes in the Nigeria society. However, results of fixed effect and random effects models are conflicting and ont consistent with results of the aforementioned models. Meanwhile it is evidenced from the fixed and random effects models as well as the between group model that characteristics of crime, elasticity of supply of crime and determinants of the elasticity differ across states and over time. Therefore, individual state needs state specific policies to reduce the supply of crime and increase the demand for crime. However, classical pooled result suggests a nation-wide policies of fighting crime will reduce crime across all the states of the federation.
This paper evaluates the performance of small and medium scale enterprises (SMSs) in Kwara State by examing the role of entreprenuership. Using data from a survey of some selected small-scale enterprises in Ilorin metropolis raging from pure water making factories, Bakeries and small woodworking enterprises. The study revealed that, the educational qualification of the entrepreneur, the value of the initial capital and the location of the enterprise are signficant determinants of the performance of small and medium scale enterprises in Kwara State. Descriptive statistical analysis was used in this study. It is crystal clear that the entrepreneurial skills of the owners of these enterprises (SMSs) should be adequately developed in order to achieve positive performances of SMSs.
This study seeks to investigate the contribution of external trade to economic growth in Nigeria. The study adopted a time series data on a number of policy variables to evaluate the impact of trade on economic growth, using multiple regression analysis, unit root test, Johansen co-integration test and Error correction mechanism for the period 1980-2006. The results confirmed that trade contributes to economic growth. Specifically the importation of raw materials contributes positively but indirectly to economic growth.